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Using Sequential Process


CrewAI offers a flexible framework for executing tasks in a structured manner, supporting both sequential and hierarchical processes. This guide outlines how to effectively implement these processes to ensure efficient task execution and project completion.

Sequential Process Overview

The sequential process ensures tasks are executed one after the other, following a linear progression. This approach is ideal for projects requiring tasks to be completed in a specific order.

Key Features

  • Linear Task Flow: Ensures orderly progression by handling tasks in a predetermined sequence.
  • Simplicity: Best suited for projects with clear, step-by-step tasks.
  • Easy Monitoring: Facilitates easy tracking of task completion and project progress.

Implementing the Sequential Process

To use the sequential process, assemble your crew and define tasks in the order they need to be executed.

from crewai import Crew, Process, Agent, Task

# Define your agents
researcher = Agent(
  goal='Conduct foundational research',
  backstory='An experienced researcher with a passion for uncovering insights'
analyst = Agent(
  role='Data Analyst',
  goal='Analyze research findings',
  backstory='A meticulous analyst with a knack for uncovering patterns'
writer = Agent(
  goal='Draft the final report',
  backstory='A skilled writer with a talent for crafting compelling narratives'

research_task = Task(description='Gather relevant data...', agent=researcher, expected_output='Raw Data')
analysis_task = Task(description='Analyze the data...', agent=analyst, expected_output='Data Insights')
writing_task = Task(description='Compose the report...', agent=writer, expected_output='Final Report')

# Form the crew with a sequential process
report_crew = Crew(
  agents=[researcher, analyst, writer],
  tasks=[research_task, analysis_task, writing_task],

# Execute the crew
result = report_crew.kickoff()

Workflow in Action

  1. Initial Task: In a sequential process, the first agent completes their task and signals completion.
  2. Subsequent Tasks: Agents pick up their tasks based on the process type, with outcomes of preceding tasks or manager directives guiding their execution.
  3. Completion: The process concludes once the final task is executed, leading to project completion.

Advanced Features

Task Delegation

In sequential processes, if an agent has allow_delegation set to True, they can delegate tasks to other agents in the crew. This feature is automatically set up when there are multiple agents in the crew.

Asynchronous Execution

Tasks can be executed asynchronously, allowing for parallel processing when appropriate. To create an asynchronous task, set async_execution=True when defining the task.

Memory and Caching

CrewAI supports both memory and caching features: - Memory: Enable by setting memory=True when creating the Crew. This allows agents to retain information across tasks. - Caching: By default, caching is enabled. Set cache=False to disable it.


You can set callbacks at both the task and step level: - task_callback: Executed after each task completion. - step_callback: Executed after each step in an agent's execution.

Usage Metrics

CrewAI tracks token usage across all tasks and agents. You can access these metrics after execution.

Best Practices for Sequential Processes

  1. Order Matters: Arrange tasks in a logical sequence where each task builds upon the previous one.
  2. Clear Task Descriptions: Provide detailed descriptions for each task to guide the agents effectively.
  3. Appropriate Agent Selection: Match agents' skills and roles to the requirements of each task.
  4. Use Context: Leverage the context from previous tasks to inform subsequent ones